Conductive Education

Introduction of Conductive Education.

Conductive Education is a rehabilitation system, which originated from Hungary in the early 1950s.

  • This is a holistic programme
  • Aims to teach participants to be INDEPENDENT and active in any kind of situation
  • The programme is designed for adults with neurological disorders such as Cerebral Palsy, Stroke Survivor, Head Injury, Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s Disease
  • The method is well structured
  • Practitioners have specific knowledge of those disabilities and its effects
  • Conductive education can help to gain as much independence as possible, but like all forms of rehabilitation, cannot be a cure
  • Group work is an essential component in Conductive Education. Sharing of success, experience and techniques are key parts of learning how to manage the condition on a daily basis. The group has a strong motivational force
  • In a friendly and positive atmosphere participants can maximize their use of movements, rediscover their abilities and find confidence to manage the condition
  • The programme based on active learning rather than passive treatment
  • Its practitioners are called ‘conductors’

Benefits

  • Adults with physical disabilities also have great potential to maintain current and develop further motor skills.
    If they are able to attend regular sessions they would most definitely benefit from it; practising
    an individualised ‘task series’.
    This would make them physically less dependent and as such give them greater autonomy in their life
  • It is important that everyone in their support network will understand the task series and adheres to the principles of it to maximise on the positive impact it will have on their mobility

Cerebral Palsy and Stroke Survivors

  • Cerebral Palsy is a non-progressive condition that cause physical disability
    • The most common type of cerebral palsy are; hemiplegia (one side of the body is affected), diplegia (lower limbs are affected), tetraplegia or quadriplegia (when all 4 limbs being affected), athetoid/dyskinetic (involuntary movements occur randomly) and ataxia (coordination and balance are very poor)
  • As a result of Stroke, the affected area of the brain is unable to function, leading to inability to move one or more limbs on one side of the body, inability to understand or formulate speech or inability to see one side of
    the visual field ⇒hemiplegia

Multiple Sclerosis and Head Injuries

  • Head Injury is a general term used to describe any trauma to the head, and most specifically to the brain itself
  • Multiple Sclerosis is a disease of the central nervous system. This is the most common neurological disease, followed by epilepsy. People develop MS between the ages of 15-50. About 85 000 people in the UK have this motor disorder. Women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with MS as men
    • MS is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system attacks the central nervous system

General Conductive Education aims for those with Cerebral Palsy, MS, Stroke or Head Injuries

  • help to overcome present difficulties
  • prevent further problem as much as possible
  • reduce spasticity (rhythmical intention)
  • improve aim of the movements (learn how to control movements ⇒
    broken down small achievable tasks)
  • breathing tasks; increase and maintain lung capacity. It helps in
    circulation, in speech reduce spasticity, frequency of going to toilet
    can be controlled